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Army National Guard Vs Army

What Is The Difference Between Guard And Reserve Service


Each branch of the military has a reserve component whose main purpose is to have trained units available for active duty as needed.

The National Guard includes the Army National Guard and Air National Guard in each state, U.S. territory and the District of Columbia. National Guard units typically are controlled by the state, but they can be activated for federal duty and deployed.

Both Reserve and Guard units train, as known as drill, about one weekend a month plus two weeks a year for “annual training.” Guard and Reserve members must serve a certain number of hours each year to make a “good year” to qualify for benefits and retirement.

Did The National Guard Come Before The Army

Pre-dating the U.S. Army, the Army National Guard, the nations first organized fighting force, was founded on December 13, 1636, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, when 3 militia regiments were formed to defend against Pequot Tribe members as well as provide security and structure for the early settlements.

Duties And Administrative Organization

National Guard units can be mobilized for federal active duty to supplement regular armed forces during times of war or national emergency declared by Congress, the President or the Secretary of Defense. They can also be activated for service in their respective states upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state or territory where they serve, or in the case of Washington, D.C., by the Commanding General. Unlike U.S. Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually, except through voluntary transfers and Temporary Duty Assignments . The types of activation are as follows:

State active duty
  • ^Unless the Insurrection Act is invoked.
  • ^Title 10 is rarely used for domestic operations.
  • ^The Insurrection Act was invoked.
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    How Can The Texas Army National Guard Help With My Us Citizenship Process

    The Texas Army National Guard has what is called the Parole in Place program, this program helps non-citizen spouses, parents, and unmarried minor children of US Citizen member of US military servicemembers to stay in country while applying for a permanent residency or Green Card. It also provides free consolations with immigration attorneys to see if your family is eligible. Not everyone eligible, an interview with our diversity and immigration Liaison is mandatory to see if your family qualifies. The Texas Army National Guard also provides for an expedited naturalization process for permanent resident soldiers at no cost to the Soldier.

    Does The National Guard Get Paid More Than The Reserve

    Active vs. Guard: An Avoidable Pentagon War

    National Guard members and Reservists make the same amount of money for each drill period. The pay for each drill period typically changes annually. See the latest on Guard and Reserve pay. Guard and Reserve members also qualify for the same benefits when not activated. They also receive the same amount when deployed or activated on federal orders.

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    National Guard Active Duty Character

    The term “activated” simply means that a unit or individual of the reserve components has been placed on orders. The purpose and authority for that activation determine limitations and duration of the activation. The Army and Air National Guard may be activated in a number of ways as prescribed by public law. Broadly, under federal law, there are two titles in the United States Code under which units and troops may be activated: as federal soldiers or airmen under Title 10 and as state soldiers or airmen performing a federally-funded mission under Title 32 . Outside federal activation, the Army and Air National Guard may be activated under state law. This is known as state active duty .

    National Guard Vs Reserves: What’s The Difference

    The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed’s data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

    The National Guard and United States armed forces reserves are both parts of the U.S. military that serve as backups to actively enlisted troops. Joining either group is a significant career decision. While the National Guard and reserves have similarities, like potential veteran status or active duty, there are also primary differences that may influence what interests you over the other.

    In this article, we discuss the National Guard and reserves and compare their similarities and differences to help you decide if either of these military paths is for you.

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    How Big Is The National Guard

    The National Guard has a projected strength of over 340,000 soldiers.

    They make up 39% of the Armys Operational Force.

    The National Guard is in every state, three territories, the District of Columbia and has over 150 career options.

    Most career options are part-time but there are full-time and civilian employment opportunities in the National Guard.

    What Is The Difference Between Someone Who Is Active Duty Military And Someone Who Is In The Reserve Or National Guard

    NATIONAL GUARD VS ARMY RESERVE Similarities/Differences, Pros/Cons

    A person who is active duty is in the military full time. They work for the military full time, may live on a military base, and can be deployed at any time. Persons in the Reserve or National Guard are not full-time active duty military personnel, although they can be deployed at any time should the need arise.

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    Regular Army Army National Guard Partnership

    In 2016, the Army and the Army National Guard began a training and readiness initiative that aligned some Army brigades with National Guard division headquarters, and some National Guard brigades with Army division headquarters. Among others, this program included the National Guard’s 86th Infantry Brigade Combat Team becoming affiliated with the Army’s 10th Mountain Division and the National Guard’s 1st Battalion, 143rd Infantry Regiment affiliating with the Army’s 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team. In addition, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division began an affiliation with the National Guard’s 36th Infantry Division.

    Upon the creation of the United States Air Force in 1947, the National Guard Bureau was organized into two divisions Army National Guard and Air National Guard. Each were headed by a major general who reported to the chief of the National Guard Bureau. The head of the Army National Guard was originally established as the chief of the Army Division at the National Guard Bureau. The position was downgraded to brigadier general in 1962 due to force reduction. It was renamed to Director of the Army National Guard and elevated back to major general in 1970. The position was later elevated to the rank of lieutenant general in 2001. The Army National Guard is also authorized a deputy director which was originally established as a brigadier general office in 1970. It was elevated to the rank of major general in 2006.

    Active Duty Vs Reserve Or National Guard

    What is the difference between someone who is active duty military and someone who is in the Reserve or National Guard?

    A person who is active duty is in the military full time. They work for the military full time, may live on a military base, and can be deployed at any time. Persons in the Reserve or National Guard are not full-time active duty military personnel, although they can be deployed at any time should the need arise.

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    Does The Texas Army National Guard Have Band

    Yes, the Texas Army National Guard has the 36th Infantry Division Band. You can join the 234th Army band and continue to do what you love. They serve part-time one weekend a month and two weeks a year. While serving in the band you get 100% college tuition assistance and accelerated rank. In order to see if you qualify and schedule a tryout contact a recruiter for more information.

    Army Reserves Vs National Guard

    Army and National Guard suicides are up at least 20 per cent during the ...

    The Army Reserves and Army National Guard each present unique opportunities to individuals who want to serve their country without making a full-time commitment.

    Both the Reserves and National Guard allow individuals to work civilian jobs or attend school full time while serving in their MOS.

    They allow you to work one weekend a month plus two weeks of training a year.

    If they offer the same schedule and allow individuals to work near home, you may be wondering what exactly is the Army Reserves Vs. National Guard, and what is the difference?

    Continue reading for more information on both, and 5 ways they are different.

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    Army Reserve Vs Army National Guard

    army reserve vs army national guard The Military is one of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces, together with the Navy, Marine Corps, Flying Force, and Coastline Guard. The Army is in charge of safeguarding the nation as well as its rate of interests through land-based operations and is the largest branch of the military. army reserve vs army national guard.

    The background of the Army go back to 1775, when the Continental Army was formed to combat for independence during the Revolutionary War. Since then, the Military has played a crucial function in the nations protection and also has actually been involved in every major conflict, including the Civil War, World War and II, the Korean Battle, the Vietnam War, the Gulf War, and also the continuous Battle on Terror.

    What Is The Army National Guard

    The Army National Guard is part of the US Army and comprised of mostly part-time soldiers who serve both the state and the country.

    When most people think of the National Guard they think of assistance during natural disasters.

    While this is true, the National Guard also serves their country and can be called into active duty to serve in their state or abroad.

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    How Do I Become A Texas Army National Guard Officer

    There are several different ways to become an officer. If you are planning on college you can enlist in the Texas Army National Guard and then join the Reserve Officer Training Corps at your local college. If you already have your Bachelors Degree, you can enlist in the Army National Guard as an 09S, complete Basic Training and attend Officer Candidate School. You can also enlist in the Army National Guard and apply for West Point, our Military Academy in New York, if accepted you will attend training there for 4 years and commission upon graduation. Another way is if you are already and enlisted member and have your bachelors degree you can apply to attend OCS. And lastly if you are a candidate with special qualifications such as, attorneys, chaplains, and medical professionals you can apply to for direct commission program.

    What Controversies Have There Been Over The Guard

    Army vs. Air National Guard. What should you join?

    In a few instances, presidents and governors have clashed over the militarys domestic law enforcement role, particularly during periods of civil unrest. While governors can call on Guard members to serve as temporary law enforcers, presidents cannot do so under normal circumstances. The Posse Comitatus Act generally prohibits the president from using the military in this role. However, presidents can circumvent this law by invoking the Insurrection Act. For example, President Dwight D. Eisenhower used the law to federalize the Arkansas National Guard to enforce desegregation of the states schools following the governors refusal to comply with the Supreme Courts Brown v. Board of Education decision. President John F. Kennedy did the same in Alabama and Mississippi.

    Debate over the domestic use of the military flared once again in 2020 amid nationwide anti-racism protests sparked by Floyds death. President Trump threatened to deploy the military to quell civil unrest in parts of the country, and some Republican lawmakers urged him to do so using the Insurrection Act. Instead, he asked governors to send their National Guard troops to Washington, DC, to aid the federal response there, which was widely criticized as heavy-handed.

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    What Is The Difference Between Army National Guard And Army Reserves

    The Texas Army National Guard is unique because of its dual mission servicing both community and country. The Army National Guard serves the state of Texas and responds to domestic emergencies, overseas missions, counterdrug efforts, domestic unrest, reconstruction missions and more. The Army Reserves mission is to be trained and ready to support active duty military if called upon. Both the President of the United States and the Governor of Texas can call upon the National Guard for support. Because it serves the state of Texas, the Army National Guard receives Texas State Tuition Assistance for public colleges and Universities, whereas the Reserves only offer federal tuition assistance.

    What Role For The Army Reserve And National Guard

    The Quadrennial Defense Reviews recommended cuts of 45,000 Army reservists appear appropriate for the current security environment and constitute an important aspect of reducing the $20 billion or greater annual budget shortfall that the Pentagon will acutely feel starting in the next decade. Indeed, even if all of the QDRs recommendations are adopted, the Pentagon will still face a significant budget problem. The onus is therefore on those who would not make these cuts to argue for a larger defense spending topline or suggest other specific cuts in the Pentagons budget.


    In todays U.S. military, Army reservists are larger than the active force. That fact is in stark contrast to the situation in the other services, where the reserve component is in all cases less than half as big as the active component. Army Reserve and National Guard personnel represent almost two-thirds of all reservists, and elicit the most debate in current defense policy. For that reason, my testimony focuses primarily on these Army forces. They are made up of nearly 370,000 National Guard personnel and 215,000 Army Reserve personnel . Their total annual budget of about $9 billion is nearly equal to that of the Marine Corps. Most specifically, this testimony focuses on the National Guards combat units, which today include more total brigade equivalents than the active Army.

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    What Are Their Responsibilities

    Army Reserves can be deployed as whole units and are known for quick mobilization.

    Their vision is, The most capable, combat-ready, and lethal Federal Reserve force in the history of the Nation.

    The Army Reserves provides the critical early entry and set the theater capabilities that are crucial to the nations defense and opening of major operations.

    The Army reserve accounts for almost half of the Armys total maneuver support and ultimately saves money.

    Having part-time members who are fully skilled, capable and ready to deploy, cuts back on the need for active full-time employees and provides the ability to fill in gaps when needed, without being over-staffed.

    What Is The Asvab And How Can I Take One

    Demotivational posters

    Are you looking to join the military? The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery or is a series of tests used to determine an applicants qualification for the military service and helps determine their intellectual and occupational strengths. Are you looking for a career in the Army, Marines, Navy, Air Force, or Coast Guard? Are you curious about all the differences between these branches? Come talk with us today and let us help you understand the different opportunities and life styles that each branch offers, as well as the differences between active, reserve, and National Guard. Let us help you prepare by getting you pre qualified for all branches of the military. The Army, Marines, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard all use the same ASVAB. We can set you up for the ASVAB so you can take it in the privacy of your own home and help you understand your scores and what jobs you qualify for. Contact us today to learn more!

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    Army National Guard Vs Reserves

    army national guard vs reserves The Army is one of the five branches of the USA Army, together with the Navy, Marine Corps, Flying Force, and Coastline Guard. The Army is in charge of protecting the country and its rate of interests via land-based operations and also is the largest branch of the military. army national guard vs reserves.

    The history of the Military dates back to 1775, when the Continental Military was created to combat for independence throughout the War of independence. Since then, the Army has played a crucial duty in the nations protection and has been associated with every significant conflict, consisting of the Civil Battle, World War I as well as II, the Korean War, the Vietnam Battle, the Gulf War, and the recurring War on Terror.

    Army Vs Army National Guard

    army vs army national guard The Military is one of the five branches of the USA Army, together with the Navy, Marine Corps, Flying Force, and Shore Guard. The Military is accountable for safeguarding the country as well as its rate of interests via land-based operations and is the biggest branch of the armed force. army vs army national guard.

    The background of the Army go back to 1775, when the Continental Army was formed to eliminate for freedom throughout the War of independence. Ever since, the Military has actually played a essential function in the nations protection as well as has actually been involved in every significant dispute, including the Civil Battle, World War I as well as II, the Korean Battle, the Vietnam War, the Gulf Battle, as well as the recurring Battle on Horror.

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